The word 'mundane' refers to earth. Hence, Mundane Astrology focuses mainly on the future of the different countries existing on the earth.
Mundane Astrology is a branch of Astrology that examines the charts of countries and their rulers in predicting the future of the country. Mundane Astrology is also called 'Medini Jyothisha' or 'Desa Gochara' in Vedic culture. It is also referred to as 'Political Astrology' by modern Astrologers.
There are references to Mundane Astrology in Ramayanam. So, its existance can be traced back to several lakhs of years in India. Varahamihira gives a vivid description of Mundane Astrology in his great work 'Brihat samhita'. Western Astrologers like Ptolemy, Sepharial, Alan Leo and Raphael had made tremendous effort on this subject.
Unlike Natal Astrology which focuses on the individual horoscope of a person, Mundane Astrology mainly focuses on the future of a country. It is possible to forecast the time when the ruling party of a country changes, when the country will have conflict with her neighbors, when epidemic diseases spread, when natural calamities like floods and famine are possible and when the people revolt against the Government etc. events in advance. When such things are known in advance, required contingency plans can be adopted to alleviate the problem.
Mundane charts :-
To know the future of a country, Mundane Astrology uses several horoscope charts. First of all, the chart of the birth of the country is required. It means chart for the formation day or Independence Day of the country.
Next, the birth (natal) chart of the ruler of the country is important. It means the birth chart of the President or Prime Minister of the country.
A chart drawn for the moment when the Sun enters the Aries 0 degree is also needed. This is called 'solar ingress chart'. The word ingress comes from the Latin ingressus, to 'go in' or 'enter'. The solar ingress chart represents the beginning of new cycle for the Sun to go round the zodiac.
Charts for the time of Solar and Lunar eclipses provide clues regarding bad events taking place that year.
Chart representing the transits of planets during that year.
In addition, the Astrologer should have information about the ruling sign, ruling planet and ruling star of the country.